Statistical study of variation

A variation of a feature is a difference in the numerical values of a trait in individual units of the population. The size of the variation allows us to judge how homogeneous the group under study is and, consequently, how characteristic the average group is. The study of deviations from the average is of great […]

Basic methodological principles of planning

The fundamental principle of state planning is the principle of social orientation and priority of public needs. It assumes that the planning and forecasting of the development of the economy should proceed from the interests of the individual and society. The satisfaction of the needs of the people determines the people’s plans and forecasts. The […]