Theory of means

The average value is a generalizing characteristic of a set of similar social phenomena according to one quantitative feature in certain conditions of place and time. When calculating the average generalizing indicators, the typical dimensions of the level of a particular feature common to this system are revealed and thereby the typical features and properties […]

Theory of statistical indicators

In order to measure the size and ratios of phenomena (i.e., to give them an appropriate quantitative characteristic), it is necessary to develop economic and social indicators corresponding to each concept. There are three types of indicators of economic and social development of society: planned; reporting; Evaluation. Planned indicators are certain specific tasks for the […]

Experience of regional management in Germany

The active development of the theory and practice of regional management in Germany dates back to the post-war period, when regional disproportions became particularly noticeable. On the other hand, the reason for the increased attention of the leadership to regional problems was the increase in the stable state of the national economy, which allowed the […]


Japan is one of the economic leaders of the modern world. In the production of industrial goods (cars, ships, video recorders, industrial robots, etc.), the country occupies a leading position in the world. Japan’s share of the world’s gross domestic product (GDP)  was 7.4% ($4841.6 billion) in 2000. The average annual GDP growth rate in […]

Strategic problems of the company

The purpose of this phase of the analysis is to identify strategic issues that may prevent the company from achieving success. The solution of this problem involves the generalization of the results of the analysis of the company’s position and the analysis of the industry and the competitive environment. All serious problems of the company […]