Reserve assets

Reserve assets, unlike other items in the financial account, are under the direct control of the state and can be used by it to achieve the goals of economic policy. Reserve assets (reserve assets) – international highly liquid assets of the country, which are under the control of its monetary authorities or government and at […]

Program-target method

The program-target method acts as the most important method of solving complex problems, usually of an interdepartmental nature. It involves doing the following: target analysis (goal decomposition); building a hierarchy of goals and identifying their interrelations and mutual influence; development and implementation of a program that ensures the achievement of goals. Goal decomposition is the […]


For the first time, an attempt to determine the meaning of foreign trade, to formulate its goals, was made in the economic doctrine of mercantilists. Mercantilists (Thomas Moon, Charles Davenant, Jean Baptiste Colbert, William Petty) held a statistical view of the world, which, from their point of view, had only a limited amount of wealth. […]

Competition: essence, forms, methods

As has been proven by many economists, competition is the driving force behind the development of society, the main tool for saving resources (for example, in Japan, resources are used as a whole three times more efficiently than in Russia), improving the quality of goods and living standards of the population. Therefore, competition is a […]