Statistical study of variation

A variation of a feature is a difference in the numerical values of a trait in individual units of the population. The size of the variation allows us to judge how homogeneous the group under study is and, consequently, how characteristic the average group is. The study of deviations from the average is of great […]

Determination of equilibrium output by iterative method

In the standard economic scheme, the subordination of the end and the means is established as: Facility (production)(reason) Purpose (consumption, final demand)(result) where the means (the end of the lowest level) is independent, and the end (the goal of the higher level) is dependent on variables. In the intersectoral balance, the opposite attitude is taken: […]