The subgroup includes Venezuela, Iran, Iraq, Algeria. The countries developed with the massive invasion of foreign capital, mainly in the mining sector of the economy. Unique deposits of minerals were developed, primarily oil in Iran, Iraq, Venezuela, oil and natural gas in Algeria. The peculiarity of the structure of the economies of these countries is that a tiny fraction of the economic population is a kind of economic enclave (less
1%) – gives the main part of the social product, which provides a very high share of state revenues and, entering into redistribution, has a decisive impact on all spheres of the economy. This leads to an acceleration in the development of infrastructure and, to some extent, the manufacturing industry. On the contrary, agriculture, which has not experienced any serious transformations of pre-capitalist land ownership, is in decline.